ACADEMIA COLOMBIANA DE CIENCIAS EXACTAS, FÍSICAS Y NATURALES

Miembro del Colegio Máximo de las Academias de Colombia

RODOLFO LLINÁS RIASCOS

Miembro Honorario desde el 2 de mayo de 1995

 

Rodolfo Llinás Riascos nació en Bogotá el 16 de diciembre de 1934, en el seno de una familia de alta posición social y reconocida tradición científica. Sobrino de alcalde, nieto de psiquiatra e hijo de médico, Llinás es conocido como un hombre sensible, tímido, de habla pausada y excepcional inteligencia. Obtuvo su título de Médico en la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Bogotá en 1959 y el Ph. D. en Neurofisiología en la Australian National University, Canberra, en 1966.

Inició su carrera profesional en 1959 como instructor de neurofisiología en el Departamento de Fisiología de la Facultad de Medicina en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia.Entre 1960 y 1961 trabajó como Research Fellow en el Departamento de Neurocirugía del Hospital General de la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Harvard, de donde se trasladó al Departamento de Fisiología de la Universidad de Minnesota en Minneapolis con una beca del Instituto Nacional de Salud de los Estados Unidos (NIH), donde permaneció entre 1961 y 1963. En 1963 asumió como Investigador del Departamento de Fisiología del Instituto de Estudios Avanzados de la Australian National University, y en 1965 regresó a la Universidad de Minnesota como Profesor Asociado. Allí permaneció hasta 1966, año en que fue nombrado miembro del Instituto para Investigaciones Biomédicas, AMA/ERF, en Chicago, Illinois. En 1968 fue elegido Jefe del Departamento de Neurofisiología del mismo Instituto, cargo que desempeñó hasta 1970. De 1970 a 1976 fue Profesor y Jefe del Departamento de Fisiología y Biofísica de la División de Neurobiología de la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Iowa en Iowa City. Durante esos años también fue profesor de los cursos de verano en Neurofisiología en el Laboratorio de Biología Marina de Woods Hole, Massachusetts. En 1976 la New York University lo nombró Profesor y Director del Departamento de Fisiología y Neurociencia de la Escuela de Medicina , cargo que ocupa en la actualidad. Desde 1985 ostenta el título de Thomas and Suzanne Murphy Professor of Neuroscience en la Escuela de Medicina de NYU.

El Dr. Llinás es uno de los científicos que mayores aportes ha realizado al programa de la Neurociencia. Sus descubrimientos son capítulo obligado no sólo para neurofisiólogos, sino también para psiquiatras, neurocirujanos, ingenieros electrónicos e incluso matemáticos. La suya es la primera teoría general de cómo podría funcionar el cerebro, y por lo mismo una de las explicaciones más completas y articuladas sobre la mente humana desde una perspectiva biológica. Desde su concepción, pensar es un acto computacional, en el sentido de que es veloz, que requiere muchos elementos, que posiblemente es eléctrico y que se puede simular en otros sistemas. Computacional es, según dice, una propiedad de medición que tiene que ver con relaciones geométricas, es la función prodigiosa del cerebro y, a escala, la de los computadores.

Varias veces postulado al Premio Nobel de Medicina, es el único colombiano que ha sido designado miembro de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de los Estados Unidos, máximo escenario de la ciencia occidental. Es, además, miembro de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia, de la American Academy of Arts and Sciences, de la American Philosophical Society, de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España y de la Academia Francesa de Ciencias. La Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales lo distinguió con el título de Miembro Honorario.

Posee título de Doctor Honoris Causa de las Universidades españolas de Salamanca (1985), Barcelona (1993) y Complutense de Madrid (1997), de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (1994), de la Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá (1998), Toyama University Medical School, Japón (2005) y Universidad de Pavia, Italia (2006).

A lo largo de su brillante trayectoria ha recibido numerosos homenajes, medallas y reconocimientos en paises como Suecia, Inglaterra, Francia, España, Estados Unidos y Suiza, entre otros. Muy temprano en su carrera recibió el John C. Krantz Award de la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Meryland (1976). Rockefeller University reconoció sus calidades academicas y científicas con el F. O. Schmitt Award in Neuroscience en 1989. En 1991 le fue otorgada la Albert Einstein Gold Medal Award in Science por UNESCO. Ha sido Profesor Invitado en varias universidades y laboratorios de gran prestigio como el College de France, King´s College en Londres, Marine Biological Laboratory en Woods Hole, MA., University of California at Irvine yKarolinska Institutet, Estocolmo,

Su labor editorial comenzó en 1974 cuando fue nombrado Editor Jefe de la revista Neurociencia, cargo que desempeñó hasta el año 2000. Además ha sido miembro de los comités editoriales de otras publicaciones como Journal of Neurobiology, Journal of Theoretical Neurobiology y Thalamus and Related Systems.

PUBLICACIONES

Libros y revisiones

 

HUBBARD, J.I., LLINÁS, R. and QUASTEL, D.M.J. 1969. (By invitation of the British Physiological Society) Electrophysiological Analysis of Synaptic Transmission.London: Edward Arnold Publishers; Baltimore:Williams & Wilkins.

LLINÁS, R.1969. Editor.Neurobiology of Cerebellar Evolution and Development.Chicago: Am. Med. Association.

LLINÁS, R. and PRECHT, W.Editors, 1976. Frog Neurobiology:A Handbook.Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer-Verlag.

LLINÁS, R.R. and HEUSER, J.E.1977. Depolarization-release coupling systems in neurons.Neurosci. Res.Progr. Bull.15:557-687.

STERIADE, M. and LLINÁS, R.1988. The functional states of the thalamus and the associated neuronal interplay.Physiological Review 68: 699-742.

STERIADE, M., JONES, E. and LLINÁS, R.Editors, 1990. Thalamic Oscillations and Signaling.John Wiley & Sons Publishers.

LLINÁS, R. and Sotelo, C. Editors, 1992. The Cerebellum Revisited, Springer-Verlag, New YorkCity.

LLINÁS, R. and CHURCHLAND, P.S.1996. The Mind-Brain Continuum, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

LLINÁS R. 2001. The Squid Giant Synapse. Oxford University Press.

LLINÁS, R. 2001. I of the vortex: MIT Press.

LLINÁS, R. 2003. El Cerebro y el Mito del Yo. Editorial Belacqua (Madrid).

Artículos

LLINÁS, R. and TERZUOLO, C.A.1964. Mechanisms of supraspinal actions upon spinal cord activities.Reticular inhibitory mechanisms on a-extensor motoneurones. J. Neurophysiol. 27: 579-591.

LLINÁS, R.1964. Mechanisms of supraspinal actions upon spinal cord activities.Differences between reticular and cerebellar inhibitory actions upon a-extensor motoneurons.J. Neurophysiol. 27: 1117-1126.

LLINÁS, R.1964. Mechanisms of supraspinal actions upon spinal cord activities.Pharmacological studies on reticular inhibition of a-extensor motoneurons. J. Neurophysiol. 27: 1127-1137.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K. 1964. Excitation of cerebellar Purkinje cells by the climbing fibers.Nature203: 245-246.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1964. Golgi cell inhibition in the cerebellar cortex.Nature204: 1265-1266.

LLINÁS, R. and TERZUOLO, C.A.1965. Mechanisms of supraspinal actions upon spinal cord activities.Reticular inhibitory mechanisms upon flexor motoneurons.J. Neurophysiol. 28: 413-422.

TERZUOLO, C.A., LLINÁS, R. and GREEN-THOMAS, K. 1965. Mechanisms of supraspinal actions upon spinal cord activities.Distribution of reticular and segmental inputs in cats’ a-motoneurones.Arch.Ital. Biol.103: 635-651.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1965. Inhibitory systems in the cerebellar cortex.Proc. Australian Assoc. of Neurologists3: 7-14.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1966. The excitatory synaptic action of climbing fibres on the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. J. Physiol. 182: 268-296.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R., SASAKI, K. & VOORHOEVE, P.E. 1966. Interaction experiments on the responses evoked in Purkinje cells by climbing fibres. J. Physiol. 182: 297- 315.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS. R. and SASAKI. K.1966. The action of antidromic impulses on the cerebellar Purkinje cells.J. Physiol. l82: 316-345.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI. K.1966. The inhibitory interneurones within the cerebellar cortex.Exp. Brain Res. 1:1-16.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1966.Parallel fibre stimulation and responses induced thereby in the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. Exp. Brain Res. 1: 17-39.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1966. The mossy fibre-granule cell relay of the cerebellum and its inhibitory control by Golgi cells.Exp. Brain Res.1: 82-101.

ECCLES, J.C., LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1966. Intracellularly recorded responses of the cerebellar Purkinje cells. Exp. Brain Res. 1: 161-183.

BLOEDEL, J.R., GAGE, P.W., LLINÁS, R. and QUASTEL, D.M.J. 1966. Transmitter release at the squid giant synapse in the presence of tetrodotoxin.Nature212: 49-50.

LLINÁS, R. and BLOEDEL, J.R. 1966/67. Climbing fibre activation of Purkinje cells in the frog cerebellum.Brain Res.3: 299-302.

LLINÁS, R. and BLOEDEL, J.R.1967.Frog cerebellum: Absence of long-term inhibition upon Purkinje cells.Science155: 601-603.

LLINÁS, R., PRECHT, W. and KITAI, S.T.1967. Climbing fiber activation of Purkinje cells following primary vestibular afferent stimulation in the frog.Brain Res.6: 371-375.

LLINÁS, R., PRECHT, W. and KITAI, S.T.1967. Cerebellar Purkinje cell projection to the peripheral vestibular organ in the frog.Science158: 1328-1330.

LLINÁS, R.1968. A possible mechanism for presynaptic inhibition.In:Structure and Function of Inhibitory Neuronal Mechanisms, p. 249-250, edited by C. von Euler.Oxford and N.Y.:Pergamon Press.

LLINÁS, R., NICHOLSON, C., FREEMAN, J.A. and HILLMAN, D.E.1968. Dendritic spikes and their inhibition in alligator Purkinje cells.Science160: 1132-1135.

LLINÁS, R., NICHOLSON, C., FREEMAN, J.A. and HILLMAN, D.E.1969. Reply to technical comment by W.H. Calvin and D. Hellerstein, “Dendritic spikes vs cable properties” Science163: 96-97.

LLINÁS, R., NICHOLSON, C. and PRECHT, W.1969. Preferred centripetal conduction of dendritic spikes in alligator Purkinje cells.Science163: 184-187.

NICHOLSON, C. and LLINÁS, R.1969. Inhibition of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum of elasmobranch fishes.Brain Res. 12: 477-480.

LLINÁS, R. and PRECHT, W.1969. The inhibitory vestibular efferent system and its relation to the cerebellum in the frog.Exp. Brain Res. 9: 16-29.

PRECHT, W. and LLINÁS, R.1969. Functional organization of the vestibular afferents to the cerebellar cortex of frog and cat.Exp. Brain Res. 9: 30-52.

LLINÁS, R., BLOEDEL, J.R. and HILLMAN, D.E. 1969. Functional characterization of the neuronal circuitry of the frog cerebellar cortex. J. Neurophysiol. 32: 847-870.

BLOEDEL, J.R. and LLINÁS, R.1969. Neuronal interactions in the frog cerebellum.J. Neurophysiol. 32: 871-880.

LLINÁS, R., BLOEDEL, J.R. and ROBERTS, W. 1969. Antidromic invasion of Purkinje cells:in the frog cerebellum.J. Neurophysiol. 32: 881-891.

KUNO, M.and LLINÁS, R. 1970. Enhancement of synaptic transmission by dendritic potentials in chromatolysed motoneurones of the cat.J. Physiol. (Lond.)210:807-821.

KUNO, M. and LLINÁS, R.1970. Alterations of synaptic action in chromatolysed motoneurones of the cat.J.Physiol. (Lond.)210: 823-838.

BAKER, R.G. and LLINÁS, R.1971. Electrotonic coupling between neurones in the rat mesencephalic nucleus.J. Physiol. (Lond.)212: 45-63.

LLINÁS, R.1971. Frog cerebellum: Biological basis for a computer model.Math. Biosci.11: 137-151.

LLINÁS, R.1971. Electrofisiologia de los circuitos neuronales en la corteza cerebel Acta Cientifica Venezolana22, Suppl. 2: 119-125.

NICHOLSON, C.and LLINÁS, R. 1971. Field potentials in the alligator cerebellum and theory of their relationship to Purkinje cell dendritic spikes. J. Neurophysiol. 34: 509-531.

LLINÁS, R. and NICHOLSON, C.1971. Electrophysiological properties of dendrites and somata in alligator Purkinje cells.J. Neurophysiol. 34: 532-551.

PRECHT, W., LLINÁS, R. and CLARKE, M. 1971. Physiological responses of frog vestibular fibers to horizontal angular rotation.Exp. Brain Res. 13: 378-407.

LLINÁS, R., PRECHT, W. and CLARKE, M. 1971. Cerebellar Purkinje cell responses to physiological stimulation of the vestibular system in the frog.Exp. Brain Res.13: 408-431.

BAKER, R., PRECHT, W. and LLINÁS, R.1972. Mossy and climbing fiber projections of extraocular muscle afferents to the cerebellum.Brain Res. 38: 440-445.

SOTELO, C. and LLINÁS, R. 1972. Specialized membrane junctions between neurons in the vertebrate cerebellar cortex.J. Cell Biol. 53: 271-289.

BAKER, R., PRECHT, W. and LLINÁS, R. 1972. Cerebellar modulatory action on the vestibulo-trochlear pathway in cats. Exp. Brain Res. 15: 484-492.

LLINÁS, R., BLINKS, J.R. and NICHOLSON, C. 1972. Calcium transient in presynaptic terminal of squid giant synapse: Detection with aequorin.Science176: 1127- 1129.

LLINÁS, R. and PRECHT, W.1972. Vestibulocerebellar input:Physiology.In:Progress in Brain Research, Vol. 37, p 341-359.Basic Aspects of Central Vestibular Mechanisms, edited by A. Brodal and O. Pompeiano.Amsterdam:Elsevier.

PRECHT, W. and LLINÁS, R.1972. Responses of vestibular nuclear neurons to ampullar input. Ibid., p 89-107.

LLINÁS, R. and BAKER, R.1972. A chloride dependent inhibitory postsynaptic potential in cat trochlear motorneurons. J. Neurophysiol. 35:484-492.

LLINÁS, R., HILLMAN, D.E. and PRECHT, W. 1973. Neuronal circuit reorganization in mammalian agranular cerebellar cortex. J. Neurobiol. 4: 69-97.

LLINÁS, R. and VOLKIND, R.A.1973. The olivo-cerebellar system:Functional properties as revealed by harmaline-induced tremor.Exp. Brain Res. 18: 69-87.

LLINÁS, R., NICHOLSON, C. and JOHNSON, K. 1973. Implantable monolithic wafer recording electrodes for neurophysiology.In:Brain Unit Activity During Behavior, p. 105-111, edited by M.I. Phillips.Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Ill.

WOLFE, J.W., RAWLINGS, C.A. and LLINÁS, R.1973. A procedure for chronic microelectrode recording from cerebellar cortex in the awake cat and monkey. Physiol. Behav. 10: 967-970.

MASOTTI, L., URRY, D.W. and LLINÁS, R.1973. Circular dichroism of lobster axonal membranes.Acta Vitaminologica et Enzymologica27: 154-158.

LLINÁS, R.1973. Procion yellow and cobalt as tools for the study of structure-function relationships in vertebrate central nervous systems.In:Intracellular Staining in Neurobiology, p. 211-225, edited by S.B. Kater and C. Nicholson.Springer-Verlag N.Y.

LLINÁS, R. and HILLMAN, D.E. 1974. Some comments on structure-function relationships in the peripheral vestibular system.In:Regulation and Control in Physiological Systems, p. 180-184, edited by A.S. Iberall.

HILLMAN, D. E. and LLINÁS, R.1974. Calcium-containing electron-dense structures in the axons of the squid giant synapse. J. Cell Biol. 61: 146-155.

LLINÁS, R. 1974. 18th Bowditch Lecture:Motor aspects of cerebellar control.The Physiologist17: 19-46.

LLINÁS, R.1974. La forme et la fonction des cellules nerveuses.La Recherche5: 232-240.

LLINÁS, R., BAKER, R. and PRECHT, W.1974. Blockage of inhibition by ammonium acetate action on chloride pump in cat trochlear motoneurons.J. Neurophysiol. 37: 522-532.

SOTELO, C., LLINÁS, R. and BAKER, R.1974. Structural study of the inferior olivary nucleus of the cat.Morphological correlates of electrotonic coupling. J.Neurophysiol. 37: 541-559.

LLINÁS, R., BAKER, R. and SOTELO, C.1974. Electrotonic coupling between neurons in the cat inferior olive.J. Neurophysiol. 37: 560-571.

BERTHOZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1974. Afferent neck projection to the cat cerebellar cortex.Exp. Brain Res. 20: 385-401.

SIMPSON, J. I., PRECHT, W. and LLINÁS, R. 1974. Sensory separation in climbing and mossy fiber inputs to cat vestibulocerebellum.Pflug. Arch. 351: 183-193.

LLINÁS, R., JOYNER, R.W. and NICHOLSON, C. 1974. Equilibrium potential for the postsynaptic response in the squid giant synapse.J. Gen. Physiol. 64: 519-535.

LLINÁS, R. and NICHOLSON, C.1974. Analysis of field potentials in the central nervous system.In:Handbook of EEG and Clin. Neurophysiol., Vol. 2, Part B:Basic Neurophysiology of Neuronal and Glial Potentials, p. 2B-61 to 2B-84, edited by C.F. Stevens.Amsterdam:Elsevier.

LLINÁS, R. and NICHOLSON, C.1975. Calcium role in depolarization-release coupling:An aequorin study in squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 72:187-190.

SOTELO, C., HILLMAN, D. E., ZAMORA, A.J. and LLINÁS, R.1975. Climbing fiber deafferentation: Its action on Purkinje cell dendritic spines.Brain Res. 98: 574-581.

LLINÁS, R., WALTON, K., HILLMAN, D. E. and SOTELO, C.1975. Inferior olive: Its role in motor learning.Science190: 1230-1231.

NICHOLSON, C. and LLINÁS, R.1975. Real time current source density analysis using multi-electrode array in cat cerebellum.Brain Res. 100: 418-424.

BAKER, R., LLINÁS, R. and SOTELO, C. 1975. Internal organization of the cat inferior olive.J. Postgrad. Med.21: S1, 16.

LLINÁS, R.1975. Structure and function of the cerebellar cortex. Scientific American232: 56-71.

LLINÁS, R.1975. Electrical synaptic transmission in the mammalian central nervous system. In: Golgi Centennial Symposium,edited by M. Santini, pp. 379-386.New York:Raven Press.

LLINÁS, R. and HILLMAN, D.E. 1975. A multipurpose tridimensional reconstruction computer system for neuroanatomy.In:Golgi Centennial Symposium, edited by M. Santini, pp. 71-79.New York:Raven Press.

LLINÁS, R.1975. Electroresponsive properties ofdendrites in central neurons.In:Physiology and Pathology of Dendrites(Advances in Neurology, Vol. 12), edited by G.W. Kreutzberg, pp. 1-13.New York:Raven Press.

LLINÁS, R.1975. The cerebellar cortex.In: The Nervous System(Vol. 1:The Basic Neurosciences), edited by D.B. Tower, pp. 235-244.New York:Raven Press.

LLINÁS, R. 1975. Evolution of LCN’s in the cerebellar cortex.In: P. Rakic, Local circuit neurons.Neurosciences Res. Progr. Bull.13:393-400.

LLINÁS, R. and NICHOLSON, C.1976. Reversal properties of climbing fiber potential in cat Purkinje cells:An example of a distributed synapse. J. Neurophysiol.311-323.

LLINÁS, R. and HESS, R. 1976. Tetrodotoxin-resistant dendritic spikes in avian Purkinje cells.Proc. Natl.Acad. Sci. (USA) 73: 2520-2523.

LLINÁS, R., STEINBERG, I.Z. and WALTON, K. 1976. Presynaptic calcium currents and their relation to synaptic transmission:A voltage clamp study in squid giant synapse and a theoretical model for the calcium gate. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci (USA)73: 2918-2922.

PRECHT, W., SIMPSON, J.I. and LLINÁS, R.1976. Responses to Purkinje cells in rabbit nodulue and uvula to natural vestibular and visual stimuli.Pfluz.Arch. 367: 1-6.

LLINÁS, R., SIMPSON, J I. and PRECHT, W.1976. Nystagmic modulation of neuronal activity in rabbit cerebellar flocculus. Pflug. Arch. 367:7-13.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K. 1976. Neuronal Systems in the Cerebellum.In: Simpler Networks:An Approach to Patterned Behavior and Its Foundations, pp. 274-279, edited by J.C. Fentress.Sunderland, MA:Sinauer Assoc.

LLINÁS, R.1976. Physiology of the cerebellum.In: Frog Neurobiology:A Handbook, pp. 892-923, edited by R. Llinás & W. Precht.Berlin-Heidelberg-NewYork:Springer-Verlag.

HEYER, C.B. and LLINÁS, R. 1977. The control rhythmic firing in normal and axotomized cat spinal motoneurons.J. Neurophysiol. 40: 480-488.

LLINÁS, R.R. and IBERALL, A.1977. A global model of neuronal command-control systems.Biosystems8: 233-235.

PELLIONISZ, A., LLINÁS, R. & PERKEL, D.H. 1977. A computer model of the cerebellar cortex of the frog.Neuroscience2: 19-35.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1977. A computer model of cerebellar Purkinje cells. Neuroscience2: 37-48.

LLINÁS, R. and WOLFE, J. W.1977. Functional linkage between the electrical activity in the vermal cerebellar cortex and saccadic eye movements.Exp. Brain Res. 29: 1-14.

TRAUB, R. D. and LLINÁS, R.1977. Spatial distribution of ionic conductances in normal and axotomized motoneurons.Neuroscience2: 829-849.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K.1977.Significance of the olivo-cerebellar system in compensation of ocular position following unilateral labyrinthectomy.In:Control of Gaze by Brain Stem Neurons, pps. 399-408, edited by R. Baker and A. Berthoz.Amsterdam;Elsevier/North Holland.

HILLMAN, D.E., LLINÁS, R. and CHUJO, M. 1977. Automatic and semi-automatic analysis of nervous system structure.In Computer Analysis of Neuronal Structures, pp. 73-90, edited by R.D. Lindsay.New York and London: Plenum.

LLINÁS, R.1977. Calcium and transmitter release in squid synapse.In:Society for Neuroscience Symposia, Vol 2, pp. 139-160, edited by W.M. Cowan and J.A. Ferendelli.Bethesda: Society for Neuroscience.

LLINÁS, R. and BUNGE, M.1978. Restricted applicability of the concept of command in neuroscience:Dangers of metaphor.Commentary in:Kupfermann, I. and Weiss, K.R., The command neuron concept.Behav. Brain Sci. 1:3-39.

TRAUB, R. D. and LLINÁS, R.1979. Hippocampal pyramidal cells: Significance of dendritic ionic conductances for neuronal function and epileptogenesis.J.Neurophysiol. 42: 476-496.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1979. Brain modeling by tensor network theory and computer simulation.The cerebellum: distributed processor for predictive coordination.Neuroscience4: 323-348.

LLINÁS, R., STEINBERG, I.and WALTON, K. 1979. A model for synaptic transmission. Brain Res. Bull. 4: 170-173.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1979. A note on a general approach to the problem of distributed brain function.Matrix & Tensor Quarterly30/2: 48-50.

LLINÁS, R. and SUGIMORI, M.1979. Calcium conductances in Purkinje cell dendrites:Their role in development and integration.Progress in Brain Res. 51:323-334.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K.1979. The place of the cerebellum in motor learning.In Brain Mechanisms inMemory and Learning, pp. 17-36, edited by M.A.B. Brazier, New York: Raven Press.

LLINÁS, R., SPITZER, R., HILLMAN, D. and CHUJO, M. 1979. Computer graphics analysis of stem images.In:Scanning Electron Microscopy 1979/II, pp. 367-374.Chicago:SEM, Inc.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K.1979. Vestibular compensation:A distributive property of the central nervous system.In:Integration in the Nervous System, pp. 145-166, edited by H. Asanuma and V.J. Wilson.Tokyo:Ijaku Shoin.

LLINÁS, R.1979. The role of calcium in neuronal function.In: The Neurosciences:Fourth Study Program, pp. 555-571, edited by F.O. Schmitt and F.G. Worden.Cambridge, MA:M.I.T. Press.

BLIGHT, A. R. and LLINÁS, R.1980. The nonimpulsive stretch-receptor complex of the crab: A study of depolarization-release coupling at a tonic sensorimotor synapse.Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B 290: 219-276.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1980. Tensorial approach to the geometry of brain function.Cerebellar coordination via metric tensor.Neuroscience5:1125-1136.

LLINÁS, R. and SUGIMORI, M.1980. Electrophysiological properties of in vitro Purkinje cell somata in mammalian cerebellar slices.J. Physiol. (London)305: 171-195.

LLINÁS, R. and SUGIMORI, M.1980. Electrophysiological properties of in vitro Purkinje cell dendrites in mammalian cerebellar slices.J. Physiol. (London)305: 197-213.

LLINÁS, R., STEINBERG, I. Z. and WALTON, K. 1980. Transmission in the squid giant synapse: A model based on voltage clamp studies.J. Physiol. (Paris) 76: 413-418.

LLINÁS, R. and YAROM, Y.1980. Electrophysiological properties of mammalian inferior olivary cells in vitro.In: The Inferior Olivary Nucleus:Anatomy and Physiology, pp. 379-388, edited by J. Courville, C. de Montigny and Y. Lamarre.New York:Raven Press.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K.1980. Voltage-dependent calcium conductances in neurons.Cell Surface Rev. 6 (C.W. Cotman, G. Poste& G.L. Nicholson, eds.):87-118.

HILLMAN, D.E., LLINÁS, R., CHUJO, M. and CRANK, R. 1980. Direct analysis of nervous system ultrastructure by computer control of STEM.Scanning Electron Microscopy I, pp. 125-135.Chicago:SEM Inc.

LLINÁS, R., STEINBERG, I. Z. and WALTON, K. 1981. Presynaptic calcium currents in squid giant synapse.Biophys. J. 33: 289-322.

LLINÁS, R., STEINBERG, I. Z. and WALTON, K. 1981. Relationship between presynaptic calcium current and postsynaptic potential in squid giant synapse.Biophys. J.33: 323-352.

LLINÁS, R., YAROM, Y. and SUGIMORI, M.1981. The isolated mammalian brain in vitro: A new technique for the analysis of the electrical activity of neuronal circuit function.Fed. Proc. 40: 2240-2245.

LLINÁS, R. and YAROM, Y.1981. Electrophysiology of mammalian inferior olivary neurones in vitro.Different types of voltage-dependent ionic conductances. J. Physiol. (London)315: 549-567.

LLINÁS, R. and YAROM, Y.1981. Properties and distribution of ionic conductances generating electroresponsiveness of mammalian inferior olivary neurones in vitro.J. Physiol. (London)315: 569-584.

PUMPLIN, D. W., REESE, T. W. and LLINÁS, R.1981. Are the presynaptic membrane particles the calcium channels?Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.. USA78: 7210-7213.

LLINÁS, R.1981. Cerebellar modeling.Nature291: 279-280.

LLINÁS, R.1981. Electrophysiology of the cerebellar networks.Chapter 17 In:Handbook of Physiology, Vol II:The Nervous System, Part II, pp. 831-976, edited by V.B. Brokks, Bethesda: Amer. Physiol. Soc.

LLINÁS, R. and SIMPSON, J.I. 1981.Cerebellar control of movement.In:Handbook of BehavioralNeurobiology, Vol. 5: Motor Coordination, pp. 231-302, edited by A.L. Towe and E.S. Luschei.New York:Plenum.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K.1981. A presynaptic voltage clamp study in the squid stellate ganglion. In: Regulatory Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission, edited by R. Tapia and C.W. Cotman, pp. 154-167.New York: Plenum.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and SIMON, S. M. 1982. Transmission by presynaptic spike-like depolarization in the squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.. U.S.A.79: 2415-2419.

LLINÁS, R. and JAHNSEN, H. 1982. Electrophysiology of mammalian thalamic neurons in vitro.Nature297: 406-408.

LLINÁS, R. and SUGIMORI, M.1982. Functional significance of the climbing fiber input to Purkinje cells: An in vitro study in mammalian cerebellar slices.Exp. Brain Res. Suppl. 6: 402-411.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1982. Space-time representation in the brain.The cerebellum as a predictive space-time metric tensor.Neuroscience7: 2949-2970.

LLINÁS, R., WALTON, K., SUGIMORI, M. and SIMON, S. 1982.3- and 4-Aminopyridine in synaptic transmission as the squid giant synapse.In:Aminopyridines and Similarly Acting Drugs, Adv.Biosci.35,pp.69-79, edited by P. Lechat et al.Oxford & New York:Pergamon Press.

LLINÁS, R. 1982. Calcium in synaptic transmission.Scientific American247: No. 4: 56-65.

LLINÁS, R.1982. General Discussion.Radial connectivity in the cerebellar cortex:A novel view regarding the functional organization of the molecular layer.Exp. Brain Res. Suppl.6: 189-194.

MC COLLUM, G., PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R. 1983. Tensorial approach to color vision. J. Theor.Neurobiol.2: 23-23.

LLINÁS, R. and SUGIMORI, M. 1983.Ionic basis for the electrophysiological activity of mammalian neurons.In:Epilepsy, pp. 19-28, edited by A.W. Ward, Jr., K. Penry and D. Purpura. New York:Raven.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1983. Tensor theory of brain function.The cerebellum as a space-time metric.Chapter 23, pp. 394-417, In: Lecture Notes in Biomathematics, Vol. 45: Competition and Cooperation in Neural Nets, edited by M. Arbib and S. Amari.Berlin-Heidelberg-New York:Springer-Verlag.

LLINÁS, R., GREENFIELD, S. A. and JAHNSEN, H.1984. Electrophysiology of pars compacta cells in the in vitro substantia nigra – A possible mechanism for dendritic release.Brain Res. 294. 127-132.

JAHNSEN, H. and LLINÁS, R. 1984. Electrophysiological properties of guinea pig thalamic neurones: An in vitrostudy.J. Physiol. (London)349: 205-226.

JAHNSEN, H. and LLINÁS, R.1984. Ionic basis for the electroresponsiveness and oscillatory properties of guinea pig thalamic neurones in vitroJ. Physiol.(London)349: 227-247.

JAHNSEN, H. and LLINÁS, R.1984. Voltage-dependent burst-to-tonic switching of thalamic cell activity: An in vitro study.Arch. Ital. Biol.122: 73-82.

LLINÁS, R.1984. Tre sofismi della neurobiologia.In:Livelli di realta, pp. 165-172, edited by M. Piattelli Palmarini.Milano:Feltrinelli.

LLINÁS, R. and PELLIONISZ, A. 1984. La mente in quanto proprieta tensoriale dei circuite cerebrali.In:Livelli di realta, pp. 191-198, edited by M. Piattelli Palmarini.Milano:Feltrinelli.

LLINÁS, R.1984. The squid giant synapse.In: The Squid Axon,Vol. 22 of Current Topics in Membranes and Transport, pp. 519-546, edited by P.F. Baker, New York:Academic Press.

LLINÁS, R.1984. Rebound excitation as the physiological basis for tremor:A biophysical study of the oscillatory properties of mammalian central neurons in vitro.In:Movement Disorders:Tremor, pp. 165-182, edited by L.J. Findley and R. Capildeo.London: MacMillan.

LLINÁS, R.1984. Possible role of tremor in the organization of the nervous system.In: Movement Disorders:Tremor, pp. 475-477, edited by L.J. Findley and R. Capildeo.London:MacMillan.

LLINÁS, R. 1984. Comparative electrobiology of mammalian centralneurons.In: Brain Slices.ed. Raymond Dingledine, Plenum Publishing Corporation,Chapter 1, pp 7-24.

LLINÁS, R.1984. Oscillation and resonance as the basic mechanism for the dynamic organization of the CNS.Trab. Inst. Cajal, Madrid, Vol. LXXV (Suppl.): 32-35.

LLINÁS, R.1984. Functional significance of the basic cerebellar circuit in motor coordination.In: Cerebellar Functions, pp. 170-185, edited by J.R. Bloedel, J. Dichgans and W. Precht.Berlin-Heidelberg-New York-Tokyo:Springer-Verlag.

OSTRIKER, G., PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R. 1985. Tensorial computer model of gaze – I. Oculomotor activity is expressed in non-orthogonal natural coordinates. Neuroscience14: 483-500.

MacVICAR, B. A. and LLINÁS, R. R.1985. Barium action potentials in regenerating axons of the lamprey spinal cord. J. Neurosci. Res. 13: 323-335.

LLINÁS, R., McGUINNESS, T. L., LEONARD, C. S., SUGIMORI, M. and GREENGARD, P.1985. Intraterminal injection of synapsin I or calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alters neurotransmitter release at the squid giant synapse.Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA).82: 3035-3039.

SIMON, S. M. and LLINÁS, R. R. 1985. Compartmentalization of the submembrane calcium activity during calcium influx and its significance in transmitter release. Biophys. J. 48: 485-498.

PELLIONISZ, A. and LLINÁS, R.1985. Tensor network theory of the metaorganization of functional geometries in the central nervous system.Neuroscience 16: 245-273.

LLINÁS, R. and PELLIONISZ, A.1985. Cerebellar function and the adaptive feature of the central nervous system.In: Review of Oculomotor Research, Vol. 1, Adaptive Mechanisms in Gaze Control:Facts and Theories, edited by A. Berthoz and G. Melvill-Jones.Elsevier.

GRACE, A. A. and LLINÁS, R.1985. Morphological artifacts induced in intracellularly stained neurons by dehydration: Circumvention using rapid DMSO clearing.Neuroscience16: 461-475.

YAROM, Y., SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R.1985. Ionic currents and firing patterns of mammalian vagal motoneurons in vitro. Neuroscience16: 719-737.

LLINÁS, R. and YAROM, Y.1986. Oscillatory properties of guinea-pig inferior olivary neurones and their pharmacological modulation: An in vitro study.J.Physiol. (Lond.)376: 163-182.

LLINÁS, R.1986. Neuronal oscillators in mammalian brain.In: Comparative Neurobiology: Modes of Communication in the Nervous System, edited by M.J. Cohen and F. Strumwasser.New York:John Wiley, pp. 279-290.

LLINÁS, R. R. and GREENFIELD, S. A.1987. On-line visualization of dendritic release of acetylcholinesterase from mammalian substantia nigra neurons.Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci. USA84: 3047-3050.

YAROM, Y. and LLINÁS, R. 1987. Long-term modifiability of anomalous and delayed rectification in guinea pig inferior olivary neurons.J. Neuroscience 7: 1166-1177.

LLINÁS, R.1987. Functional compartments in synaptic transmission.In:Synaptic Function, edited by G.M. Edelman, W.E. Gall and W.M. Cowan, pp. 7-20, Neurosciences Institute/John Wiley.

LLINÁS, R.1987. Purkinje cell electrophysiology.In:Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, edited by G. Adelman.Birkhauser Boston Inc.

LLINÁS, R.1987. Cerebellum network physiology.In:Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, edited by G. Adelman.Birkhauser Boston Inc.

LLINÁS, R.1987. Inferior olive electrophysiology.In:Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, edited by G. Adelman.Birkhauser Boston, Inc.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and WALTON, K.1987. Further studies on depolarization release coupling in squid giant synapse.In: Molecular Mechanisms of Neuronalresponsiveness, edited by Y.H. Ehrlich, R.H. Lenox, E. Kornecki and W.O. Berry.New York and London:Plenum Press.

GREENGARD, P. BROWNING, M.D., McGUINNESS, T.L. and LLINÁS, R. 1987. Synapsin I, a phosphoprotein associated with synaptic vesicles:Possible role in regulation of neurotransmitter release.In:Molecular Mechanisms of Neuronal Responsiveness, edited by Y.H. Ehrlich, R.H. Lenox, E. Kornecki and W.O. Berry.New York and London:Plenum Press.

LLINÁS, R. 1987. ‘Mindness’ as a functional state of the brain.In:Mind Waves, edited by C. Blakemore and S.A. Greenfield.Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

LLINÁS, R. and MUHLETHALER, M.1988. An electrophysiological study of the invitro, perfused brainstem-cerebellum of adult guinea pig.J. Physiol. 404: 215-240.

LLINÁS, R. and MUHLETHALER, M.1988. Electrophysiology of guinea pig cerebellar nuclear cells in the in vitro brainstem-cerebellar preparation.J. Physiol.404: 241-258.

LOPEZ-BARNEO, J. and LLINÁS, R.1988. Electrophysiology of mammalian tectal neurons in vitro: 1.transient ionic conductances.J. Neurophysiol. 60: 853-868.

LLINÁS, R. and LOPEZ-BARNEO, J.1988. Electrophysiology of mammalian tectal neurons in vitro 2.long-term adaptation.J. Neurophysiol. 60: 869-878.

KAPOOR, R., JAEGER, C. and LLINÁS, R. 1988. Electrophysiology of the mammalian cerebellar cortex in organ culture.Neuroscience 26: 493-507.

JAEGER, C., KAPOOR, R. and LLINÁS, R. 1988. Cytology and organization of rat cerebellar organ cultures.Neuroscience 26: 509-538.

STERIADE, M. and LLINÁS, R.1988. The functional states of the thalamus and the associated neuronal interplay.Physiological Reviews.68: 649-742.

LLINÁS, R.1988. The intrinsic electrophysiological properties of mammalian neurons:A new insight into CNS function.Science 242, 1654-1664.

TANK, D.,SUGIMORI, M., CONNOR, J. and LLINÁS, R. 1988. Spatially resolved calcium dynamics of mammalian Purkinje cells in cerebellar slice.Science 242, 773-777.

LLINÁS, R. and GEIJO-BARRIENTOS, E. 1988. In vitro studies of mammalian thalamic and reticularis thalami neurons.In: Cellular Thalamic Mechanisms. ed. M. Bentivoglio and R. Spreafico.Amsterdam; Elsevier/Holland, pp 23-33.

YAMAMOTO, T., WILLIAMSON, S., KAUFMAN, L., NICHOLSON, C. and LLINÁS, R.1988. Magnetic localization of neuronal activity in the human brain.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 85:8732-8736.

SASAKI, K., BOWER, J.M. and LLINÁS, R. 1989.Multiple Purkinje cell recording in rodent cerebellar cortex.Eur. J. Neurosci. Vol. 1, pp 572-586.

LLINÁS, R. and SASAKI, K.1989. The functional organization of the olivo-cerebellar system as examined by multiple Purkinje cell recordings.Eur. J. Neurosci. Vol. 1, pp 587-602.

LLINÁS, R.,SUGIMORI, M., LIN, J.W.,and CHERKSEY, B. 1989. Blockingand isolation of calcium channelfrom neurons in mammals and cephalopods utilizing a toxin fraction (FTX) from funnel-web spider poison.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, Vol. 86, pp 1689-1693.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M., LIN, J.W., LEOPOLD, P. and BRADY, S. 1989. ATP-Dependent directional movement of rat synaptic vesicles injected into the presynaptic terminal of squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. , USA, Vol. 86, pp 5656-5660.

OKADA, Y., NICHOLSON, C. and LLINÁS, R.1989. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) as a new tool or non-invasive real time analysis of normal and abnormal brain activity in humans.In:Visualization of Brain Functions,Vol. 53, pp 245-266, ed. D. Ottoson and W. Rostene,Stockton Press.

LLINÁS, R.1989. Electrophysiological properties of the olivo-cerebellar system.In:The Olivocerebellar System in Motor Control,ed. Piergiorgio Strata, Springer-Verlag.

LLINÁS, R.1989. Calcium and presynaptic voltage as modulators of the synaptic release process.In: Neuromuscular Junction.ed. L. Sellin, R. Libelius, S. Thesleff.Amsterdam; Elsevier/Holland,Chapter 8, pp 101-109.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and CHERKSEY, B.1989. Voltage-dependent calcium conductances in mammalian neurons:The P channel.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Vol. 560, pp. 103-111.

ALONSO, A. and LLINÁS, R. 1989. Subthreshold Na+-dependent theta-like rhythmicity in entorhinal cortex layer II stellate cells.Nature,342: 175-177.

McGUINNESS, T., BRADY, S., GRUNER, J., SUGIMORI, M., LLINÁS, R. and GREENGARD, P.1989. Phosphorylatin-dependent inhibition by synapsin I of organelle movement in squid axoplasm.J. Neuroscience Vol. 9(12) 4138-4149.

LLINÁS, R.1989. The role of the intrinsic electrophysiological properties of central neurons in oscillation and resonance. In:Theoretical Models for Cell to Cell Signalling,pp 3-16, ed. A. Goldbeter Academic Press.

SINTON, C., KROSSER, B., WALTON, K. and LLINÁS, R. 1989. The effectiveness of different isomers of octanol as blockers of harmaline-induced tremor.Plugers Arch., 414: 31-36.

LLINÁS, R.1989. Voltage-dependent calcium conductance in mammalian neurons and its possible role in neuronal death.Fidia Research Foundation Symposium, “Neurotoxicity of Excitatory Amino Acids” Satellite of the 19th Annual Meeting of The Society for Neuroscience.

SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1989. On-line rapid determination of [Ca]i by means of Fura-II and high speed video imaging.Biol. Bull., 177:2 326.

LIN, J.W., RUDY, B. and LLINÁS, R.1989. FTX blocks calcium current expressed from rat brain mRNA in Xenopus oocytes.Biol. Bull., 177:2 323.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M., LIN, J.W. and CHERKSEY, B. 1989. Dose response for FTXblockade of presynaptic I(Ca) in the squid giant synapse.Biol. Bull., 177:2 324.

Sasaki, K., Gemba, H., Nambu, A., Isujimoto, T., Yamamoto, T., and LLINÁS, R.1989. No-go potentials in human subjects.Neurosci. Res. Suppl. 9:595.

LIN, J.W., RUDY, B. and LLINÁS, R.1990. Funnel web spider venom and a toxin fraction, FTX, block calcium current expressed from rat brain mRNA in Xenopus oocytes.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.Vol. 87(12) 4538-4542.

Hillman, D., Llinás, R., Canaday, M. and Mahoney, G. 1990. Concepts and methods of image acquisition, frame processing, and image data presentation.In: Three-Dimensional Neuroimaging, ed. A. Toga, Raven Press, Ltd., New York, Chapter.1, pp 3-38.

SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R.1990. Real-time imaging of calcium influx in mammalian cerebellar Purkinje cells in vitro. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.Vol. 87, 5084-5088.

LIN, J.W., SUGIMORI, M., LLINÁS, R., MC GUINNESS, T. and GREENGARD, P.1990. Effects of synapsin I and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II on spontaneous neuro-transmitter release in the squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.Vol . 87(21): 8257-8261.

LEONARD, C. and LLINÁS, R. 1990. Electrophysiology of mammalian pedunculopontine and laterodorsal tegmental neurons in vitro:Implications for the control of REM sleep.In:Brain Cholinergic Systems,ed. M. Steriade and D. Biesold, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 205-223.

ALONSO, A., DE CURTIS, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1990. Postsynaptic hebbian and non-hebbian long-term potentiation of synaptic efficacy in the entorhinal cortex in slices and in the isolated adult guinea-pigbrain.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. Vol. 87(23) 9280-9284.

LLINÁS, R.1990. Intrinsic electrical properties of mammalian neurons and CNS function.In:Fidia Research Foundation Neuroscience Award Lectures, Vol. 4, Raven Press, Ltd., New York, pp 175-194.

LLINÁS, R. and SUGIMORI, M. 1990.Intracellular calcium concentration changes during cell death.In:Neurotoxicity of Excitatory Amino Acids,ed. A. Guidoti. Raven Press, Ltd., New York,pp 1-10.

Steriade, M., Gloor, P., LLINÁS, R., Lopes daSilva, F.H. and Mesulam. M.-M. 1990.Basic mechanisms of cerebral rhythmic activities. Electronencephal. Clin. Neurophysiol. 76:481-508.

LLINÁS, R. Grace, A.A. and Yarom, Y. 1991. In vitro neurons in mammalian cortical layer 4 exhibit intrinsic oscillatory activity in the 10 to 50 Hz frequency range.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.Vol. 88, 897-901.

LLINÁS, R., GRUNER, J. SUGIMORI, M., MC GUINNESS, T. and GREENGARD, P.1991. Regulation by synapsin I and CA2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II of transmitter release in the squid giant synapse.J. Physiology 436: 257-282.

SUK, J., RIBARY, U., CAPPELL,J. YAMAMOTO, T. and LLINÁS, R. 1991.Anatomical localization revealed by MEG recordings of the human somatosensory system.EEG J78:185-196.

LLINÁS, R.1991. Intrinsic electrical properties of nerve cells and their role in network oscillation.In:Symposia on Quantitative Biology,Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Vol. 55. 933-938.

LLINÁS, R.1991. The noncontinuous nature of movement execution.In: Motor Control:Concepts and Issues, eds. D.R. Humphrey and H.J. Freund, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.,Dahlem Konferenzen pp 223-242.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and SILVER, R.1991. Imaging preterminal calcium concentration microdomains.Biol. Bull.Vol. 181:2, 316-317.

Hillman, D., Chen, S., Aung, T.T., Cherksey, B., Sugimori, M. and LLINÁS, R.1991. Localization of P-type calcium channels in the central nervous system.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. Vol. 88,7076-7080.

LLINÁS, R. 1991. Depolarization release coupling:An overview.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Vol. 635, 3-17.

CHERKSEY, B.,SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1991. Properties of calcium channels isolated with spider toxin, FTX.Annals of the New York Academy of SciencesVol. 635,80-89.

Ribary, U., Ioannides, A. A., Singh, K.D., Hasson, R. and Llinás, R.1991. Magnetic field tomography (MFT) of coherent thalamo-cortical 40-Hz oscillation in humans.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.88:11037-11041.

DeCurtis, M., Pare, D. and LLINÁS, R.1991. The electrophysiology of the olfactory-hippocampal circuit in the isolated and perfused adult mammalian brain in vitro.Hippocampus Vol. 1:4, 341-354.

LLINÁS, R. and PARE, D.1991. Of Dreaming and Wakefulness.NeuroscienceVol. 44:3 521-535.

LLINÁS, R., Sugimori, M. and Silver, R.B. 1992. Microdomains of high calcium concentration in apresynaptic terminal.Science Vol. 256, 677-679.

Uchitel, O.D., Protti, D.A., Sanchez, V., Cherksey, B.D., Sugimori, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1992. P-type voltage-dependent calcium channel mediates presynaptic calcium influx and transmitter release in mammalian synapses.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) Vol. 89: 3330-3333.

Cottrell, G.A., Lin, J.-W., LLINÁS, R., Price, D.A., Sugimori, M. and Stanley, E.F.1992. FMRFamide-related peptides potentiate transmission at the squid giant synapse.Exp. Physio.77, 881-889.

Bertolino, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1992. The central role of voltage-activated and receptor-operated calcium channels in neuronal cells .Ann. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol.32:399-421.

Pare, D., DE Curtis, M and Llinás R. 1992. Role of the hippocampal-entorhinal loop in temporal lobe epilepsy:extra- and intracellular study in the isolated guinea pig brain in vitro.J. Neuroscience12(5):1867-1881.

LLINÁS, R. and RIBARY, U.1992. The use of magnetic field tomography in the study of acute alcohol intoxication.In:Imaging in Alcohol Research,National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and AlcoholismResearch Monograph No. 21, Chapter 2, pp 13-26.

LLINÁS, R. and Ribary, U.1992. Rostrocaudal scan in human brain:A global characteristic of the 40-Hz response during sensory input.In:Induced Rhythms in the Brain, eds. E. Basar and T. Bullock, Birkhauser, Boston,Chapter 7, pp 147-154.

LLINÁS, R. 1992. Oscillations in CNS neurons:A possible role for cortical interneurons in the generation of 40-Hz oscillations.In:Induced Rhythms in the Brain,eds. E. Basar and T. Bullock, Birkhauser, Boston, Chapter 14, pp 269-283.

LLINÁS, R., Sugimori, M., Hillman, D. and Cherksey, B.1992. Distribution and functional significance of the P-type, voltage-dependent Ca2+channels in the mammalian central nervous system.TINS, Vol. 15, No. 9, 351-355.

Gonzalo-Ruiz, A., Alonso, A., Sanz, M.J. and LLINÁS, R . 1992. Afferent projections to the mammillary complex of the rat, with special reference from those surrounding hypothalamic regions.J. Comp. Neurol. 321:277-299.

Gonzalo-Ruiz, A., Alonso, A., Sanz, M.J. and LLINÁS, R.1992. A dopaminergic projection to the rat mammillary nuclei demonstrated by retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase and tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry.J. Comp. Neuro. 321: 300-312.

LLINÁS, R. and Alonso, A. 1992. The electrophysiology of the mammillary complex in vitro.I. Tuberomammillary and lateral mammillary neurons.J. Neurophysiology Vol. 68:4, p1307-1320.

Alonso, A. and LLINÁS, R.1992. The electrophysiology of the mammillary complex in vitro.II. Medial mammillary neurons.J. Neurophysiology Vol. 68:4, p1321-1331.

USOWICZ, M.M., SUGIMORI, M., CHERKSEY, B. and Llinás, R.1992. P-type calcium channels in the somata and dendrites of adult cerebellar Purkinje cells.Neuron Vol. 9, 1185-1199.

Walton, K. D., Lieberman, D., LLINÁS, A., Begin, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1992. Identification of a critical period for motor development in neonatal rats.Neuroscience Vol. 51, 763-767.

Ribary, U., Llinás, R., Lado, F., Mogilner, A., Jagow, R., Nomura, M. and Lopez, L. 1992. The spatial and temporal organization of the 40-Hz response in human brain: A MEG Study.Biomagnetism:Clinical Aspects.M. Hoke et al editors, Elsevier Science Publishers.

Llinás, R. and Sugimori, M. 1992. The electrophysiology of the cerebellar Purkinje cell revisited.In:The Cerebellum Revisited, eds. R. Llinás and C. Sotelo, Springer-Verlag, New York, Chapter 8, pp 167-181.

Nomura, M., Ribary, U., Lopez, L., Mogilner, A., Lado, F.., Jagow, R. and Llinás, R.1992. Oscillotopic organization of the human somatosensory cortex of lip using the neuromagnetic method.Biomagnetism: Clinical Aspects. M. Hook et al editors, Elsevier Science Publishers.

LLINÁS, R., Sugimori, M. and Silver, R.B. 1992. Presynaptic calcium concentration microdomains and transmitter release. J. Physiology(Paris) 86, 135-138.

Lin, J.W. and Llinás, R.1993. Depolarization activated potentiation of the t-fiber synapse in the blue crab.J. Gen. Physiology Vol. 101, 45-65.

DE CURTIS, M and LLINÁS, R. 1993. Heterosynaptic long-term potentiation in the entorhinal cortex of the guinea pig in vitroisolated brain.Brain Research 600, 327-330.

SUGIHARA, I., LANG, E.J. and LLINÁS, R. 1993. Uniform conduction time in the olivocerebellar pathway underlies Purkinje cell complex spike synchronicity in the rat cerebellum. J. PhysiologyVol. 470, pp. 243-271.

Llinás, R. and Ribary, U. 1993. Coherent 40-Hz oscillation characterizes dream state in humans.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USAVol. 90,pp. 2078-2081.

MOGILNER, A., GROSSMAN, J.A.I., RIBARY, U., JOLIOT, M., VOLKMANN, J., RAPAPORT, D., BEASLEY, R.W. and LLINÁS, R. 1993. Somatosensorycortical plasticity in adult humans revealed by magnetoencephalography.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 90, pp. 3593-3597.

MUHLETHALER, M., DECURTIS, M., WALTON, K. and Llinás, R. 1993. The in vitro isolated and perfused guinea-pig brain.European J. Neurosci. Vol. 5, pp. 915-926.

LLINÁS, R. 1993. Is dyslexia a dyschronia?In: Temporal Information Processing in the Nervous System: Special Reference to Dyslexia and Dysphasia.Annals NY Academy Science Vol. 682, p 48-56.

Lang, B., Johnston, I., Leys, K., Elrington, G., Marqueze, B.,Seagar, M., Hoshino, T., Takahashi, M., Sugimori, M., Cherksey, B.D., LLINÁS, R. and Newsom-Davis, J. 1993. Autoantibody specificities in Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome.Annal New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 681, pp. 382-393.

Protti, D.A., Sanchez, V.A., Cherksey, B.D., Sugimori, M., Llinás, R. and Uchitel, O.D.1993. Mammalian neuromuscular transmission blocked by funnel web toxin.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 681, 405-407.

Llinás, R., Sugimori, M., Cherksey, B.D., Glen Smith, R., Delbono, O., Stefani, E. and Appel, S.1993. IgG from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients increases currentthrough P-type calcium channels in mammalian cerebellar Purkinje cells and in isolated channel protein in lipid bilayer.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 90, 11743-11747.

Brady, S.T., Sugimori, M., Leopold, P.L., Lin, J.-W., Chu, D.S. and LLINÁS, R.1993. Activity-dependent inhibition of neurotransmitter release by Brefeldin A.Biol. Bull. 185:299-300.

LLINÁS, R. and Welsh, J.P. 1993. On the cerebellum and motor learning. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 3:958-965.

LLINÁS, R. and Pare, D. 1994. The role of intrinsic neuronal oscillations and network ensembles in the genesis of normal and pathological tremors.In: Handbook of Tremor Disorders, eds. Leslie J. Findley and William Koller, Marcel Dekker, Inc.,New York, NY, Chapter 2, pp. 7-36.

Leonard, C.S. and LLINÁS, R. 1994. Serotonergic and cholinergic inhibition of mesopontine cholinergic neurons controlling REM sleep:An in vitro electrophysiological study.NeuroscienceVol. 59, No. pp. 309-330.

Mogilner, A., Nomura, M., Ribary, U., Jagow, R., Lado, Rusinek, H. and Llinás, R.1994. Neuromagnetic studies of the lip area of primary somatosensory cortex in humans:evidence for an oscillotopic organization.Exp.Brain Res. 99:137-147.

LLINÁS, R., Ribary, U., Joliot, M. and Wang, X.-J. 1994. Content and context in temporal thalamocortical binding.In: Temporal Coding in the Brain, (Eds. G. Buzaki, R. Llinás, W. Singer, A. Berthoz, Y. Christen)Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 251-272.

Llinás, R., Sugimori, M. and Silver, R.1994. Localization of calcium concentration microdomains at the active zone in the squid giant synapse. In: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neurotransmitter Release. eds. Stjarne/Greengard/Grillner/Hokfelt/Ottoson, Raven Press, NY, Chapter. 9, pp. 133-137.

LLINÁS, R. and Ribary, U. 1994. Perception as an Oneiric-Like State Modulated by the Senses.In:Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain,Chapter 6, pp 111-124(eds. C. Koch et al. )MIT Press.

LLINÁS, R., Sugimori, M. Chu, D., Morita, M., Blasi, J., Herreros, J., Jahn, R. and Marsal, J. 1994. Transmission at the squid giant synapse was blocked by tetanus toxin by affecting synaptobrevin, a vesicle-bound protein.J. Physiology477.1, 129-133.

Nambu, A. and Llinás,R. 1994. Electrophysiology of globus palladus neurons in vitro. J. Neurophys.Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 1127-1139.

Pare, D. and Llinás, R.1994. Non-lamellar propagation of entorhinal influences in the hippocampal formation: multiple electrode recordings in the isolated guinea pig brain in vitro.Hippocampus Vol. 4, No. 4 pp. 403-409.

Joliot, M., Ribary, U. and Llinás, R. 1994. Neuromagnetic coherent oscillatory activity in the vicinity of 40-Hz coexists with cognitive temporal binding in the human brain.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA.Vol. 91, p11748-11751.

Silver, R.B., Sugimori, M., Lang. E.J. and Llinás, R.1994. Time resolved imaging of Ca2+-dependent aequorin luminescence of microdomains and QEDs in synaptic terminals.Biol. Bull. 187:293-299.

Sugimori, M., Lang, E.J., Silver, R.B. and Llinás, R.1994. High-resolution measurement of the time course of calcium-concentration microdomains at squid presynaptic terminals.Biol. Bull. 187:300-303.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M., LANG, E.J., MORITA, M., FUKUDA, M., NIINOBE, M., and MIKOSHIBA, M.1994. The inositol high-polyphosphate series blocks synaptic transmission by preventing vesicular fusion:A squid giant synapse study.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) Vol. 91, pp 12990-12993.

Gonzalez Burgos, G.R., Biali, F.I., Cherksey, B.D., Sugimori., M., Llinás, R. and Uchitel, O.D.1995. Different calcium channels mediate transmitter release evoked by transient or sustained depolarization at mammalian sympathetic ganglia.Neuroscience 64:1, pp 117-123.

LLINÁS, R.1995. Thorny issues in neurons.Nature (News & Views) 373, 107-108.

Welsh, J.P., Lang, E.J., Sugihara, I. and LLINÁS, R. 1995. Dynamic organization of motor control within the olivocerebellar system.Nature 374, 453-457.

Sugihara, I., Lang, E.J. and Llinás, R. 1995. Serotonin modulation of inferior olivary oscillations and synchroncity:A multiple-electrode study in rat cerebellum.Euro. J. Neurosci.Vol. 7, pp 521-534.

Pare, D. and LLINÁS, R. 1995. Intracellular study of direct entorhinal inputs to field CA1 in the isolated guinea pig brain in vitro.HippocampusVol. 5, 115-119.

Leopold, P.I., Lin, J.-W. , Sugimori, M., Llinás, R. and Brady, S.T. 1995. The nervous system of Loligo pealei provides multiple models for analysis of organelle motility. In: Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience studies in squid, octopus, and cuttlefish.Eds.N. Joan Abbott, Roddy Williamson and Linda Maddock, Oxford University Press, Chapter 2, pp 15-34.

Llinás, R. and Sugimori, M. 1995. Synaptic transmission in the squid stellate ganglion.In: Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience studies in squid, octopus, and cuttlefish.Eds.N. Joan Abbott, Roddy Williamson and Linda Maddock, Oxford University Press, Chapter 17, pp 255-270.

DENK, W., SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R.1995. Two types of calcium response limited to single spines in cerebellar Purkinje cells.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 92, 18 pp 8279-8282.

Charpak, S., Pare, D. and Llinás, R.1995. The entorhinal cortex entrains fast CA1 hippocampal oscillations in the anaesthetized guinea-pig:Role of the monosynaptic component of the perforant path.Euro. J. Neurosci. Vol. 7, pp 1548-1557.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and SILVER, R.B.1995. The concept of calcium concentration microdomains in synaptic transmission.Neuropharmacology, Vol. 34, No. 11, pp. 1443-1451.

Katz, E., Ferro, P.A., Cherksey, B.D., Sugimori, M., Llinás, R. and Uchitel, O.1995. Effects of Ca2+channel blockers on transmitter release and presynaptic currents at the frog neuromuscular junction.J. Physiology, 486.3, pp 695-706.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and SILVER, R.B. 1995. Time resolved calcium microdomains and synaptictransmission.J. Physiology(Paris) Vol. 89,pp. 77-81.

MIKOSHIBA, K., FUKUDA, M., MOREIRA, J.E., LEWIS, F.M.T., SUGIMORI, M., NIINOBE, M. and LLINÁS, R.1995. Role of the C2A domain of synaptotagmin in transmitter release as determined by specific antibody injection into the squid giant synapse preterminal.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) Vol. 92, pp. 10703-10707.

FUKUDA, M., MOREIRA, J.E., LEWIS, F.M.T., SUGIMORI, M., NIINOBE, M., MIKOSHIBA, K., and LLINÁS, R.1995. Role of the C2B domain of synaptotagmin in vesicular release and recycling as determined by specific antibody injection into the squid giant synapse preterminal.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) Vol. 92, pp 10708-10712.

Alvarez, V.A., Sanchez, V.N., Rosato Siri, M.D., Cherksey, B.D., Sugimori, M., Llinás, R., and Uchitel, O.D. 1995. Pharmacological characterization of the voltage-dependent Ca2+channels present in synaptosomes from rat and chicken Central Nervous System.J. Neurochem. Vol. 64, No. 6, 2544-2551.

DE ZEEUW, C.I., LANG, E.J., SUGIHARA, I., RUIGROK, T.J.H., EISENMAN, L.M., MUGNAINI, E. and LLINÁS, R. 1996. Morphological correlates of bilateral synchrony in the rat cerebellar cortex.J. Neuroscience Vol. 16, p 3412-3426.

VOLKMANN, J., JOLIOT, M., MOGILNER, A., IOANNIDES, A.A., LADO, F., FAZZINI, E., RIBARY, U. and LLINÁS, R. 1996. Central motor loop oscillations in Parkinsonian resting tremor revealed by magnetoencephalography.Neurology, 46:1359-1370.

REZAI, A.R., HUND, M., KRONBERG, E., ZONENSHAYN, M., CAPPELL, J., RIBARY, U., KALL, B., LLINÁS, R. and KELLY, P.J. 1996. The interactive use of magnetoencephalography in stereotactic image-guided neurosurgery.Neurosurgery, Vol. 39, p 92-102.

LANG, E.J., SUGIHARA, I. and LLINÁS, R. 1996. GABA-ergic modulation of complex spike activity by the cerebellar nucleo-olivary pathway in rat.J. Neurophysiology Vol. 76, 255-275.

HILLMAN, D.E., CHEN, S., BING, R., PENNISTON, J.T. and LLINÁS, R. 1996. Ultrastructural localization of the plasmalemmal calcium pump in cerebellarneurons.Neuroscience, Vol. 72, No. 2 p 315-324.

LLINÁS, R. and PARE, D.1996. The brain as a closed system modulated by the senses.In: The Mind-Brain Continuum, eds. R. Llinás and P.S. Churchland, MIT Press, Cambridge, MAChapter 1, p 1-18.

NAMBU, A. and LLINÁS, R. 1997. Morphology of globus pallidus neurons:Its correlation with electrophysiology in guinea pig brain slices.J. Comparative Neurology 377:85-94.

PEDROARENA,C. and LLINÁS, R. 1997.Dendritic calcium conductances generate high frequency oscillation in thalamocortical neurons.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) Vol. 94, p 724-728.

MAKARENKO, V., WELSH, J.P., LANG, E.J. and LLINÁS,R. 1997. A new approach to analysis of multidimensional neuronal activity:Markov Random Fields.NeuralNetworks, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 785-789.

LLINÁS, R., MORENO, H, SUGIMORI, M., MOHAMMADI, J. and SCHLESSINGER, J. 1997. Differential pre- and postsynaptic modulation of chemical transmission in the squid giant synapse by tyrosine phosphorylation.Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) Vol.94, p 1990-1994.

LANG, E.J., SUGIHARA, I. and LLINÁS, R. 1997. Differential roles of apamin and charybdotoxin sensitive K+conductances in the generation of inferior olive rhythmicity in vivo.J. Neuroscience 17(8) pp 2825-2838.

WELSH, J. and LLINÁS, R. 1997. Some organizing principles for the control of movement based on olivocerebellar physiology.In:The Cerebellum:From Structure to Control. (Eds.)C.I. deZeeuw, P. Strata &J. Voogd, Elsevier Science, Chapter 26, pp 449-461.

HUND, M., REZAI, A., KRONBERG, E., CAPPELL, J. RIBARY, U. and LLINÁS, R. 1997. MEG-mapping:Basis of a new functional risk-profile (FRP) in the selection of patients with cortical brain lesions.Neurosurgery, Vol. 40, No. 5 p 936-943.

LLINÁS, R., LANG, E.J.and WELSH, J.P.1997. The cerebellum, LTD and memory: Alternative views.Learning & Memory Vol. 3, pp 445-455.

MORENO, H., RUDY, B. and LLINÁS, R.1997.  subunits influence the biophysical and pharmacological differences between P- and Q-type calcium currents expressed in a mammalian cell line.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp 14042-14047.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M. and SILVER, R.1997. Calcium Concentration Microdomains.In: Calcium and Cellular Metabolism:Transport and Regulation.eds. Sotelo and Benech, Plenum Press, New York,Chapter 2, pp 17-23.

MARSAL, J., RUIZ-MONTASELL, B., BLASI, J., MOREIRA, J.E., CONTRERAS, D., SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1997. Block of transmitter release by botulinum C1 action on syntaxin at the squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 94, pp 14871-14876.

APICELLA, S., CHEN, S., BING, R., PENNISTON, J.T., LLINÁS, R. and HILLMAN, D.E.1997. Plasmalemmal atpase calcium pump localizes to inner and outer hair bundles.Neuroscience Vol. 79, No. 4, pp. 1145-1151.

LLINÁS, R. and RIBARY, U. 1998. Temporal conjunction in thalamocortical transactions.In:Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience,eds. H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, and S. Rossignol, Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA., Vol. 77 Chapter 7, pp. 95- 103.

LLINÁS, R., RIBARY, U. and TALLAL, P. 1998. Dyschronic language-based learning disability.In: Basic Neural Mechanisms in Cognition and Language.Wenner-Gren International Symposium Series, Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, pp. 101-108.

LLINÁS, R. and WALTON, K. 1998.Cerebellum.In:The Synaptic Organization of the Brain (ed. Gordon M. Shepherd) Oxford Unviersity Press, New York, Chapter 7,pp 255-288.

LLINÁS, R. and PARE, D.1998. Coherent oscillations in specific and non-specific thalamocortical networks and their role in cognition.In:Thalamus, Volume II, Experimental and Clinical Aspects,eds. M. Steriade, E.G. Jones and D.A. McCormick, Elsevier Science, Ltd.Chapter 10, pp 501-516.

KAY, A.R., SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R. 1998. The kinetic and stochastic properties of a persistent sodium current in guinea-pig cerebellar Purkinje cells.J. Neurophysiology, pp. 1167-1179.

SUGIMORI, M., TONG, C.-K., FUKUDA, M., MOREIRA, J.E., KOJIMA, T., MIKOSHIBA, K. and LLINÁS, R.1998. Presynaptic injection of syntaxin specific antibodies block transmission in the squid giant synapse.Neuroscience Vol. 86, No. 1, pp. 39-51.

LLINÁS, R., RIBARY, U., CONTRERAS, D. and PEDROARENA, C.1998. The neuronalbasis for consciousness.Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Vol. 353, No. 1377, pp. 1841-1849.

MORENO, H., NADAL, M., LEZNIK, E., SUGIMORI, M., LAX, I., SCHLESSINGER, J. and LLINÁS, R. 1998. Nerve growth factor acutely reduces chemical transmission via postsynaptic TrkA-like receptors in squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 95. Pp 14997-15002.

LLINÁS, R. and MORENO, H.1998. Local Ca2+signaling in neurons.Cell Calcium Vol. 24, pg. 359-366.

MAKARENKO, V. and LLINÁS, R.1998. Experimentally determined chaotic phase synchronization in a neuronal system.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA95:26, pg. 15747-15752.

HIRATA K; NAKAGAWA M; URBANO FJ; ROSATO-SIRI MD; MOREIRA JE; UCHITEL OD; SUGIMORI M; LLINÁS R. 1999. Reduced facilitation and vesicular uptake in crustacean and mammalian neuromuscular junction by T-588, a neuroprotective compound.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96:14588 (#J0006338)

LANG EJ; SUGIHARA I; WELSH JP; LLINÁS R. 1999. Patterns of spontaneous purkinje cell complex spike activity in the awake rat. Journal of neuroscience19:2728 (#J0000160)

LLINÁS RR; RIBARY U; JEANMONOD D; KRONBERG E; MITRA PP. 1999. Thalamocortical dysrhythmia: A neurological and neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by magnetoencephalography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 96:15222 (#J0004846)

RIBARY U; CAPPELL J; MOGILNER A; HUND-GEORGIADIS M; KRONBERG E; LLINÁS R. 1999. Functional imaging of plastic changes in the human brain. Advances in neurology81:49 (#J0006336) 69.

DALY C; SUGIMORI M; MOREIRA JE; ZIFF EB; LLINÁS R. 2000. Synaptophysin regulates clathrin-independent endocytosis of synaptic vesicles.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97:6120 (#J0006334)

FUKUDA M; MOREIRA JE; LIU V; SUGIMORI M; MIKOSHIBA K; LLINÁS R. 2000. Role of the conserved WHXL motif in the C terminus of synaptotagmin in synaptic vesicle docking. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97:14715 (#J0066511)

LLINÁS, R.; SUGIMORI, M. 2000. Imaging intracellular calcium-concentration microdomains at a chemical synapse. 2000;:381 (#C0000128)

LLINÁS RR. 2000.Mapping brain terrain. Neurobiology of disease 7:499 (#J0066512)

CONTRERAS D; LLINÁS R. 2001. Voltage-sensitive dye imaging of neocortical spatiotemporal dynamics to afferent activation frequency. Journal of neuroscience (online) 21:9403 (#J0066506)

FUKUDA M; YAMAMOTO T; LLINÁS R. 2001. The isochronic band hypothesis and climbing fibre regulation of motricity: an experimental study. European journal of neuroscience13:315 (#J0066510)

JEANMONOD D; MAGNIN M; MOREL A; SIEGEMUND M; CANCRO R; LANZ M; LLINÁS R; RIBARY U; KRONBERG E; SCHULMAN JJ; ZONENSHAYN M. 2001. Thalamocortical dysrhythmia II: Clinical and surgical aspects. Thalamus & related systems 1:245 (#J0046713)

LLINÁS R; RIBARY U. 2001. Consciousness and the brain. The thalamocortical dialogue in health and disease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences929:166 (#J0022587)

LLINÁS R; RIBARY U; JEANMONOD D; CANCRO R; KRONBERG E; SCHULMAN JJ; ZONENSHAYN M; MAGNIN M; MOREL A; SIEGEMUND M.2001. Thalamocortical dysrhythmia I: Functional and imaging aspects. Thalamus & related systems 1:237 (#J0046712)

LLINÁS, RODOLFO R. 2001. I of the vortex: from neurons to self..2001;:x, 302 (#B0001026)

PEDROARENA, C. M. and LLINÁS, R.2001. Interaction of synaptic and intrinsic electroresponsiveness determine corticothalamic activation dynamics.Thalamus & Related Systems(Vol. 1)pp. 3-14, 2001.

RHODES PA; LLINÁS RR. 2001. Apical tuft input efficacy in layer 5 pyramidal cells from rat visual cortex. Journal of physiology536:167 (#J0028804)

YAMAMOTO T; FUKUDA M; LLINÁS R. 2001. Bilaterally synchronous complex spike Purkinje cell activity in the mammalian cerebellum. European journal of neuroscience13:327 (#J0066509)

DEFELIPE J; ARELLANO JI; MERCHAN-PEREZ A; GONZALEZ-ALBO MC; WALTON K; LLINÁS R. 2002. Spaceflight induces changes in the synaptic circuitry of the postnatal developing neocortex. Cerebral cortex 12:883 (#J0066500)

LEZNIK E; MAKARENKO V; LLINÁS R. 2002. Electrotonically mediated oscillatory patterns in neuronal ensembles: an in vitro voltage-dependent dye-imaging study in the inferior olive. Journal of neuroscience 22:2804 (#J0054008)

LEZNIK, E; LLINÁS, R. 2002. Spatiotemporal profiles of inferior olivary oscillatory patterns – An in vitro voltage-dependent dye-imaging study. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 978:529 (#J0047027)

LLINÁS R; LEZNIK E; MAKARENKO VI. 2002. On the amazing olivocerebellar system. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 978:258 (#J0053362)

LLINÁS RR; LEZNIK E; URBANO FJ. 2002. Temporal binding via cortical coincidence detection of specific and nonspecific thalamocortical inputs: a voltage-dependent dye-imaging study in mouse brain slices. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99:449 (#J0054062)

LLINAS R.2002. Review: Thalamocortical AsembliesDestexe A and Sejnowski Ed Oxford University Press

VELARDE , M.G. NEKORKIN, V. KAZANTSEV V. MAKARENKO V. and LLINAS .R. 2002.Modelling inferior olive dynamics. NeuralNetworks 15: 5-10

JEANMONOD D; SCHULMAN J; RAMIREZ R; CANCRO R; LANZ M; MOREL A; MAGNIN M; SIEGEMUND M; KRONBERG E; RIBARY U; LLINÁS R. 2003. Neuropsychiatric thalamocortical dysrhythmia: surgical implications..Neurosurgery clinics of North America 14:251 (#J0058001)

KAZANTSEV VB; NEKORKIN VI; MAKARENKO VI; LLINÁS R. 2003. Olivo-cerebellar cluster-based universal control system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100:13064 (#J0066494)

LLINÁS RR. 2003. Thalamo-cortical dysrhythmia syndrome: neuropsychiatric features. Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina 120:267 (#J0066492)

LLINÁS RR. 2003. The contribution of Santiago Ramon y Cajal to functional neuroscience.Nature reviews. Neuroscience4:77 (#J0066498)

VERLARDE, M.G., NEKORKIN, V.I., MAKAROV, V.A., MAKARENKO, V.I. and LLINÁS, R. 2004.Clustering behavior in a three-layer system mimicking olivo-cerebellar dynamics.Neural Networks17 pg 191-203.

LLINÁS, R., LEZNIK, E. and MAKARENKO, V. 2004. The Olivo-cerebellar circit as a universal motor control system.IEE Journal, Vol. 29 No. 3 p 631-639.

LLINÁS, R.2004. From neurons to consciousness and neuropsychiatry.In: Comprehensive Textbook ofPsychiatry/VIIIChapter 3eds. Kaplan &Sadock.Publishers Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD(in press).

SCHULMAN, J.J., RAMIREZ, R.R., ZONENSHAYN, M., RIBARY, U. and LLINÁS, R.2004. Thalamocortical dysrhythmia syndrome:MEG imaging of neuropathic pain.(Submitted to Thalamus & RelatedSystems, 2003).

HIRATA, K., CHEN, S., HILLMAN, D., SUGIMORI, M. and LLINÁS, R. 2004.T-588, a neuroprotective agent,decreases high extracellular potassium induced necrotic damage of Purkinje cells in cerebellum organotpic slice culture.(In review Neuropharmacology, 2004).

KAZANTSEV, V.B., NEKORKIN, V.I., MAKARENKO, V.I. and LLINÁS, R. 2004. Self-referential phase resetbased on inferior olive oscillator dynamics.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USAVol. 101 No. 52, p 18183-18188.

LLINÁS, R., SUGIMORI, M., MORAN, K., MOREIRA, J. and FUKUDA, M.2004. Vesicular reuptake inhibition by a synaptotagmin I C2B domain antibody at the squid giant synapse.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA,Vol. 101 No. 51 p 17855-17860.

CHEN S; HIRATA K; REN Y; SUGIMORI M; LLINÁS R; HILLMAN DE. 2005. Robust axonal sprouting and synaptogenesis in organotypic slice cultures of rat cerebellum exposed to increased potassium chloride. Brain Research. 1057:88 (#J0106717)

KIMURA, T; SUGIMORI, M; LLINÁS, RR. 2005. Purkinje cell long-term depression is prevented by T-588, a neuroprotective compound that reduces cytosolic calcium release from intracellular stores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102:17160 (#J0107954)

Schulman JJ; Ramirez RR; Zonenshayn M; Ribary U; LLINÁS R. 2005. Thalamocortical dysrhythmia syndrome: MEG imaging of neuropathic pain. Thalamus & related systems 3:33-39 (#J0107686)

WELSH, JP; YAMAGUCHI, H; ZENG, XH; KOJO, M; NAKADA, Y; TAKAGI, A; SUGIMORI, M; LLINÁS, RR. 2005. “Normal motor learning during pharmacological prevention of Purkinje cell long-term depression”.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102:17166 (#J0107955)

TANG, T-S, SLOW, E., LUPU, V., STAVROVSKAYA, I.G., SUGIMORI, M., LLINÁS, R., KRISTAL, B.S., HAYDEN, M.R. and BEZPROZVANNY, I. 2005. Distributed Ca2+ signaling and apoptosis of medium spiny neurons in Huntington’s disease.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 102:7: 2602-2607.

LLINÁS, R., URBANO, J., LEZNIK, E., RAMIREZ, R.R. and VAN MARLE, H.J.F. 2005. Rhythmic and dysrhythmic thalamoroctical dynamics: GABAergic systems and the edge effect.Trends in Neuroscience 28:325-333.

LLINÁS, R.R., WALTON, K.D., NAKAO, M., HUNTER, I. and ANQUETIL, P.A.2005. Neuro-vascular central nervous recording/stimulating system:Using nanotechnology probes.J. NanoparticleResearch pp 1-17.

HUI, E., BAI, J., WANG, P., SUGIMORI, M., LLINÁS, R. and CHAPMAN, E.R.2005. Three distinct kinetic groupings of the synaptotagmin family:Candidate sensorys for rapid and delayed exocytosis.(inpress, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA).

WALTON, K.D., HARDING, S., ANSCHEL, D., HARRIS, Y.T. and LLINÁS, R.2005. The effects of microgravity on the development of surface righting in rats.J. Physiology pp 1-16, 2005.

RHODES, P.A. and LLINÁS, R. 2005.A model of thalamocortical relay cells.J. Physiology565:765-81.

PYLKKÄNEN, L., LLINÁS, R. & MURPHY, G. 2005. Representation of polysemy: MEG evidence. J. Cognitive Neuroscience18: 1-13

LEZNIK, E. and LLINÁS, R.2005. Role of gap junctions in synchronized neuronal oscillations in the inferior olive.J. Neurophysiology 94:2447-56.

SCHULMAN, J.J., RAMIREZ, R.R., ZONENSHAYN, M., RIBARY, U. and LLINÁS, R.2005. Thalamocortical dysrhythmia syndrome:MEG imaging of neuropathic pain.Thalamus & RelatedSystems, 3:1-7.

LLINAS R. 2005. Progress in Brain Research Epiloge. 148: 391-394.

LANG, E.J., SUGIHARA, I. and LLINAS, R. 2006. Olivocerebellar modulation of motor cortex ability to generate vibrissal movements.J. Physiology, 571.1, pp 101-120.

LACZKO, J. WALTON, K and LLINAS, R. 2006.A neuro-mechanical transducer model for controlling joint rotations and limb movements.Clin Neurosci/Ideggy Szle59 (1-2): 32-43.

LANG, E. J., SUGIHARA, I. and LLINÁS, R.2006. Isochrony in the olivocerebellar system underlies complex spike synchrony. J. Physiol (Lond.)573: 277-279.

URBANO, F.J., SIMPSON, J.I. and LLINAS, R.2006. Somatomotor and oculomotor inferior olivary neurons have distinct electrophysiological phenotypes: An in vitro study.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103: 16550-16555.

LLINAS, R.R., and STERIADE, M. 2006. Bursting of thalamic neurons and states of vigilance. Invited Review J. Neurophysiol ,95:3297-3308.

LLINAS R. and WATON K.D. 2006. The olivocerebellar system . Encyclopedia of Neuroscience.

SERULLE, Y., SUGIMORI,M., LLINAS, R. 2007.Imaging synaptosomal calcium concentration microdomains and vesicle fusion by using total internal reflection fluorescent microscopy Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104: 1697-1702.

SERULLE, Y., MORFINI, G. PIGINO, G. MOREIRA J.E., SUGIMORI,M., BRADY, S. T. and LLINAS, R. 2007. 1methyl-4- phenylpyridinium induces synaptic dysfunction through a pathway involving caspase and PKC∂ enzymatic activities. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104: 2437-2441.

MORFINI, G. PIGINO, G. SERULLE, Y., OPALACH, K., MOREIRA J.E., SUGIMORI,. LLINAS, R and BRADY, S.T. 2007. 1methyl-4- phenylpyridinium affects fast axonal transport by activation of caspase and protein kinase C. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104: 2442-2447.

SCHAEFER, A., O’CARROLL, D., TAN,C.L., HILLMAN, D., SUGIMORI, M., LLINAS, R. AND GREENGARD P. 2007. Cerebellar neurodegeneration in the absence of microRNSs J. Exp. Medicine 204:1553-1558.

URBANO,F., LEZNIK,E., and LLINAS. 2007. Modafinil enhances thalamocortical activity by increasing neuronal electrotonic coupling. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104: 12554-12559.

LLINAS, RR. CHOI, S. URBANO, F and. SHIN HS.Gammaband deficiency and abnormal thalamo-cortical activity in P/Q-type channel mutant mice. . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104 17819-17824.

ROKNI, D., LLINAS, R. and YAROM Y. 2007. Stars and stripes in the cerebellar cortex: a voltage sensitive dye study. Front Sys Neurosci 1:1-9.

LLINAS, R. 2007. Review, Rythms of the brain,by Gyorgy Busaki

LLINAS. R. 2008. Of self and self-awareness: The basic neuronal circuit in human consciousness and the generation of self. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15: 64-74

GARCA-RILL, E., MORAN, K., GARCIA, J. FINDLEY, W.M. WALTON K. , STROTMAN, B., LLINASR. 2008. Magnetic sources of theM50 response are localized to frontal cortex Clinical Neurophysiology 119:388-398.

ROY, S. and LLINAS, R. 2008. Dynamic geometry, brain function modeling and consciousness.Progess in Brain Research168: 133-144

YU, E., KANO, E., CHOI, ,S., SUGIMORI, M., MOREIRA, J.E., LLINAS, R. and FUKUDA, M. 2008. Role ofRab27 insynaptictransmission at the squid giant synapse . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.105:16003-16008

ROY.S., MITRA, I. and LLINAS, R. 2008. Non-Markovian noise mediated through anomalous diffusion within ion channels. Physical Review E. 78: 041920-1-041920-9

ROKNI, D., LLINAS, R. and YAROM Y. 2008. The morpho/functional discrepancy in the cerebellar cortex: Looks alone are deceptive . Front Sys Neurosci 2;2

BERK, W.,TEPERMAN J., WALTON K.D., HIRATA K., SUGIMORI, M., and LLINAS, R.R. 2009. Oral administration of pharmacologically active substances to squid: A methodological description. Biol. Bull. 216:1-6.

LLINAS R. R. and ROY, S. 2009. The prediction imperative as the basis for self-awareness. Phil. Trans. Roy Soc . 364:1301-1307.

LLINAS, R. R. 2009. Umwelt: A psychomotor Functional Event. InNeurobiology of Umwelt, pp 29-37. Ed. A. Berthoz and Y. Christen. Springer.

LLINAS, R. 2009. Consciousness and dreaming from a pathophysiological perspective: The thalamocortical Dysrhymia Syndrome. 3.6- 683-690 ppin Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry Ed Sadock , Sadock and Ruiz. Wolters Kluwer/Lippingcott and Williams and Wilkins.

MORENO H., YU, E., Pigino, G. Hernandez, A. Kim, N Moreira, JE, Sugimori M and R. LLINAS 2009. Synaptic Transmission block by Presynaptic Injection of Oligomeric Amyloid Beta. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.106: 5109-5106.

ROY, S and LLINAS, R. 2009. Relevance of Quantum Mechanics on some aspects of ion channel function. Comptes Rendus de la Academy Frances,in press

LLINAS R. 2009. Inferior olive oscillation as the temporal basis for motricity and oscillatory rest as the basis for motor error correction.Neuroscience162: 797-804.

LLINAS R.R. and WALTON K.D. 2009. Olivocerebellar system.In press In Encyclopediaof Neuroscience.

Zhan G,Llinas R and Lisman J.E .2009. Inhibition of NMDARs in the nucleus reticularis of the thalamus produces delta frequency bursting. Fonts in Neural Circuits 3:20.

WALTON K.D. and LLINAS, R.R.2009. Central pain as a thalamocortical dysrhytmia:A thalamic efference disconnection? pp 301-314. In Translational Pain Research ed. . Kruger and A.R. Light, Front in Neural Circuits.

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